Economy: Commercial Fishing - a Cultural Tradition
The international trade in coastal and marine fisheries contributes $70 billion annually to our nation's economy. Understanding and managing the considerable pressures - both human and natural - on these valuable resources will ensure that the country's long-standing tradition of commercial fishing in our coastal communities is sustained.
- $4 billion
Average annual value of all U.S. marine fisheries landings from 2008-2010.
Source: NMFS, 2011b
Due to high demand, percent of all shrimp consumed in the U.S. that are imported.
Source: NMFS, 2011d
- 1 million
Jobs associated with the U.S. commercial fishing industry yielding over $32 billion in income.
Source: NMFS, 2011c
About this Topic
This topic presents data on the amount and value of commercial fish landings in the U.S. for the time period 1950 to 2010. The data, obtained from NOAA’s National Marine Fisheries Service, are available for over 400 species of fish and shellfish. In 2010 the value of U.S. marine fisheries landings totaled 8 million pounds valued at about 4.5 billion dollars. Alaska ranked first in pounds and value of fish caught. Of all individual species fished for, sea scallops brought in the most revenue (455 million dollars). However, by aggregate groups of similar species, crabs brought in the highest dollar amount at 572 million dollars. Pollock was the largest catch by weight at two billion pounds. This topic includes three case studies: Reducing Bycatch - A Complex Challenge for Commercial Fisheries, and Pacific Salmon - Management Can Extend 500 Miles Inland, and Aquaculture - Much Potential, Many Challenges. In addition, Summer Flounder- A Fishery Management Success Story is also presented.
NOAA FishWatch: U.S. Seafood Facts
Fishing Communities of the United States, 2006
National Marine Fisheries Service
NOAA Essential Fish Habitat Mapper